Parialism (Latin ‘par’, ‘paris’ – peer) is a theoretically-modelling term, which means, that it is a semantic proposal for a deeper analysis of a civilizational trend. Parialism basically defines the phenomena of modern changes in social, organizational, cultural, political and economic behavior of societies that are communicating and cooperating by means offered by the Internet. It is most commonly to be seen in countries based on democracy and with knowledge-based economies. The term ‘parialism’ evolved from the concept of peerism, which in turn is a neologism defining the effects of the application of peer-to-peer systems from a social, organizational, microeconomic and cultural perspective, but lacks the implications for philosophy, politics and international relations and analytical depth and range for the earlier mentioned.
(Parialism and peerism are neologisms coined by the author of this blog)
Parialism, as a theoretically-modelling concept, would incorporate the new social philosophy of peerism or ‘new socialism’ (Kevin Kelly 2009 http://www.wired.com/culture/culturereviews/magazine/17-06/nep_newsocialism?currentPage=all ) or the proposed by many ‘new capitalism’ and give it a broader, also political and perhaps macroeconomic meaning in the future. Since parialism is probably a growing trend among societies, it may have stronger political and economic repercussions in the future. The main issue is how businesses and states can collaborate with parialistic communities in order to enhance their own functionality and, therefore, boost their social responsibility with the increase of input to the economies and of political stability and security, while safeguarding at the same time the growth of share of parialism to the activities of business and state. Needless to say, the patrialistic communities or individuals would have to maintain their freedom, and in some – cases anonymity.
It must be mentioned, that parialism is based on the stigmergic self-organization mechanism, which explains how open access actually functions. In order to understand this mechanism, read : Francis Heylighen “Why is Open Access Development so Successful? Stigmergic organization and the economics of information” 2007 (it’s available in PDF). This self-organization model explains in detail how actually open access works. The synergy of existing models and concepts (like ‘new socialism’ or ‘new capitalism’) into a philosophy of parialism may lead to development in many spheres of human activity. May parialism be a new philosophy or economic system, that would fill the gap between socialism and capitalism?
In order to achieve this, parialism would have to be deeply analyzed and theoretically modeled as new phenomena or economic system, exactly as it happened with capitalism and socialism. It may be that the defining of patrialism and its diffusion into the mainstream discourse would eventually lead to the growth and widening of the application of the ‘new capitalism’ or ‘collaborative capitalism’ (Alex Bogusky, John Bielenberg and Rob Schuham) and ‘new socialism’ (Kevin Kelly 2009) concept and consequently merging them into one, new model, that is parialism. Since parialism is based on freedom, it must not be defined as an ideology or system, but rather a philosophy which encompasses the modern changes of an open source society and gives them a common meaning.
Capitalism and socialism were viewed by many as contradictive, yet complementary. The merging of these two theoretical concepts into a one, which would be also complementary to the mentioned, would create a new applicable philosophy or economic system, which is necessary in order to meet the environmental and social conditions of the modern and future world. A proof of the growing trend, which has to be defined and its’ conceptualization afterwards diffused, is shown among others by COMMON (http://www.common.is/ , http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=H64Pa-IizIU).
But COMMON it’s only an example of to what parialism may lead to. Wikipedia, Linux and many other projects are commonly known as the stigmergic model effects, but the scope of applicability is probably far greater. The struggle for definition of the concept of parialism widens the theoretical ground, the scope of applicability of the parial input to the society and the window of opportunities, which could shift the civilizational and organizational development to a new direction. Thanks to the defining of this concept, this direction may not be a journey to the unknown horizon.
Therefore, I’d like to ask all readers who are ready voluntarily to think over their definitions of parialism and to write them in the comments below. Common effort may in future lead to an intellectual paradigmatic shift, new business models and greater social cooperation based on a passion to share all those little portions of spare time – the yet practically untapped productive potential of societies.
So, how parialism may be defined? How do you see it?
The best thing is, that it’s already evolving by itself. Why not name it?
I present the videos below as examples. I do not claim any rights to those videos.